Jute - what it is: the use of natural insulation
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One of the most popular natural fibers is jute, in demand in which no less than in cotton. The lion's share of his world-made is accounted for Bangladesh. People for a long time use jute fiber for making coarse clothing, rope, and young shoots have been used even in food. The appearance of Jute as a commercial product was at the end of the XVIII century. Over time, new technologies have appeared, thanks to which there were yarn, jute tissue from this material. The plant itself refers to the number of spinning (luban).
What is jute
Under Joot (Lat. Corchorus) implies an annual grassy plant, a shrub and a semi-staple, called a different Calcutt hemp, Utah. Its height, depending on the conditions, can reach more than 3 m. It consists of such vegetable fibers as lignin (the key component of wood fiber), cellulose, is a combination of ligninocellulose fibers, which simultaneously have wood qualities, textiles. The people are called Hessian cloth or just burlap.
This is a bipathic grassy plant of the genus Corchorus is heat and moisture - refers to the family of lime. There are up to 80 species of this plant. The stem is a reprehensive and branchy with a rod root and oval-lanceal, gear on the edges with leaves with appendages. Flowers - Obroat, small, have a yellow shade. The fruit is a ribbed box, which is depending on the type of podlovoid or spherical. Seeds are small, can have a gray, green or brown color.
The main species are Jute Tossa (Corchorus Olitorius), a white jute (Corchorus Capsularis). Growing a plant that belongs to the type Tiliaceae requires a wet, warm climate with a temperature in the range of 24-37 ° C. In this regard, it is widely cultivated in subtropical regions of Asia. India, Bangladesh possess the greatest singe. Within the former Soviet Union, this herbaceous plant was cultivated on relatively small squares in the Central Asia region.
Where it grows
Jute grows in the tropics and subtropics of Asia, Australia, America, Africa. Especially widespread acquired on the territory of Bangladesh, India. The annual short-hearted and long-fashioned corchorus is cultivated. In many densely populated areas of South Asia, where the lion's share of global industries of this culture is concentrated, jute fibers have important economic importance. This is due to the fact that they are a key source of income for small family farms.
If in the middle of the 20th century, Bangladesh was almost a monopolist in the jute market, delivering to the market up to 80% of all exports in 1947-48, then today he is grown in a considerable amount in India, Myanmar, China, Nepal, Uzbekistan, Thailand, Brazil and in a number of other countries of the world. At the same time, Africa is considered the center of origin of the Toss variety, and White Jute is India, South China. Jute fiber - the largest countries manufacturers:
Production in thousands of tons for 2011
Chemical composition and properties
The jute plant consists of vegetable fibers with a high content of lignin, i.e. Resin, which is a natural polymer responsible for the qualitative characteristics of the material obtained as a result. The chemical composition of the culture contains heart glycosides, which are korhoreozide, olitorism - due to this plant is used to produce medicines from heart disease. The similarity of culture on physico-chemical characteristics with wood can be an alternative to the use of trees. Useful properties and features:
- Jute products are a natural product, therefore, after use is subjected to rapid decomposition. The soil will enrich the organic substances, which has a positive effect on the yield of grain crops.
- During the combustion, the jute felt or other material from this culture, as a rule, does not allocate pairs with the content of harmful substances.
- The fiber rigidity provides the ability to use a jute for the manufacture of ropes, for example, ropes, twine, packaging fabric (burlap).
- Culture is one of the few plants, which according to the content of the lignin corresponds to the tree. Due to this, the final material has waterproof, all the mechanical characteristics of the tree.
- Natural color with soft silky glitter. Due to this property, the culture is used to decorate the interior.
- Jute fibers have hygroscopicity and are optimal material for the manufacture of packaging containers, burlap. The fabric absorbs moisture, but does not let her inside the bag. According to the study, the jute fiber with high humidity (relative) 88% contains 23% moisture, but remains dry to the touch.
The ripening of the plant continues within 120-150 days, after which the harvest is beginning. Jute stems cut off, collect in bundles and leave on the field for 3 days to fall leaves. Bundles of stalks are subjected to the urine in the reservoirs - it takes 5-15 days. In the process of this soaking, the destruction of the connecting plates occurs, which facilitates the separation of the stem from the fibers. The procedure is carried out manually directly in water, after which the jute is thoroughly washed. To remove an excessive moisture, the raw materials hang on the poles for drying and send for processing.
Application in industry and trade
For many hundreds of years, people used jute fiber for making coarse clothing and ropes, but over time the situation has changed. The new technologies that have appeared allowed to expand the range of products produced from jute to several hundred types of goods. These include bagpipes, ropes, wallpaper materials, linoleum, carpeted floors. The best varieties are for the production of fabric, tafting jute carpets.
Corchorus fibers are made even high-quality paper. In the field of pharmacology, drugs produce preparations that have a positive effect on the heart, which is similar to the action of other glycosides, reinforcing diuresis and improving coronary blood circulation. Created medicines reassuringly affect the central nervous system. Jute is widely used for the manufacture of insulation to build wooden buildings. Use it for the manufacture of mat, geotextile materials, shoes, bags.
Jute insulation in construction
In the construction region, a fibrous plant from the Lime family is used as a material for thermal insulation. The fibers have a unique property to be alone, so they become moisture-resistant and act as reliable protection against wind. Warming with jute is evenly produced, regardless of the width of the opening, the slot. The use of such a insulation helps to control the level of humidity in the room, because The material absorbs excess moisture and gives the missing.
The insulation is represented in the form of a jute tape - buyers just pick up the desired size. The process of its application does not require much effort, because The material is placed directly into the log house. Jute tape is distinguished by environmental friendliness. Experts argue that the service life of the material reaches 75 years and more. When producing a belt material, a needle-free technology is applied. Jute palace for sealing inter-wallet seams is sold in bales. It is suitable for buildings from different types of logs, timber.
Production of packaging materials
The raw material from spinning culture is widely used for the production of soft and rigid traditional packaging materials, a considerable part of which is used in everyday life. After processing from raw materials, various types of packaging and furniture fabric are made of jute raw materials. Such a fabric is indispensable for the production of packaging materials due to low hygroscopicity. It is used for textile fiber packaging: flax, wool, cotton.
Production of furniture and carpet manufacture
High-quality jute raw materials with optimal density indicators can provide the necessary durability and practicality in a variety of products. It concerns furniture, and carpets that can often be found on sale. At the same time, the furniture creates a special atmosphere of comfort in the house, the more soft, practical. Jute rope is used even to decorate old furniture items in need of restoration. As for the carpet, it is made of raw materials used for the production of burlap, weaving ropes. Such a carpet have a lot of advantages:
- original, relatively cheap;
- Environmentally friendly, natural;
- There are no impurities causing allergies;
- relatively tough, because not deformed after full wet;
- can be organically supplemented with any traditional material;
- Not bad stiffness.
Raw materials for creating composite polymers
Jute is used to create composite plastics that preserve the ability of the fiber "breathe". The resulting polymers are used for packaging coffee, tea and other products. Use composite materials even in the automotive industry. The reasons for the success of the jute fiber among producers and consumers are in high yields, low cost and naturalness.
Bangladesh, Indian and other types of jute raw materials are used in the manufacture of ropes, twine and ropes that have good strength. Further, these products are used to create new things. For example, from the twine you can make a mat oval or round form, which looks good in the bedroom or living room. Jute rope - a product resistant to ultraviolet and thermal radiation, mechanical impacts, which is used in difficult natural conditions and industrial industries. Ropes are often used for decoration of rooms, log cabins.
Jute thread in needlework
Threads and ropes from jute fibers are used in needlework. For example, in several stages you can make a rug - a rope from a natural material will be filled without difficulties, only the desire and patience will be required. Alternatively, make the frame for the box. As for the thread, you can buy winding with almost any length. Some bobbins have several hundred meters. The thread is used in needlework, weaving, technology "Macrame", like a decorative finish. It is distinguished by strength, resistant to temperature differences.
How to choose the right jute canvas
The jute is used for the cacopa of the sruba walls and filling the gaps as a heater. Deciding to choose such a filler for interventic seams (very relevant in winter), pay attention to the following parameters: appearance, specifications (density), presence / absence of additives, manufacturer country. In the manufacture of the insulation undergoes thermal processing, as a result of which all microorganisms die.
Initially, look at the appearance of the material. It is believed that for interventional insulation optimally use the jute of golden color. The lush insulation for a bar of this type appeared on the market relatively recently. It attracts attention its thickness and insignificant price. True, a low surface density can be hidden for a democratic value. Cheap products are performed by connecting jute fibers by means of a chemical thermoskley. At the same time, synthetic materials are used (mainly lavsan).
The thin insulation for the house of the bar is made by the needle-free technology: fibers are attached to long jute stripes, tightened short. Technology is more expensive and time-consuming, but significantly increases product quality. This type of insulation from the jute does not get out at all, does not accumulate moisture and does not produce malicious substances that can destroy the timber.
There is still a thermal - a novelty, which is a mixture of biocomponent and jute fibers. The first component when heated to a high temperature is subjected to refrigerants, with the result that it glues the jute fiber, making the material more elastic. The thermal force is considered more effective in terms of cold protection compared to a conventional analogue, and in addition durable. Some standard ribbons:
- Width: 10, 15, 20 cm;
- Thickness: 5-6, 8-10 mm;
- Length - 20 route meters.
Many raw materials are preferred to trade already ready-made jute products. In this regard, it is desirable to give some meaning and selection of the producer. The fibers produced in India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and some Central Asian countries are equally good for log cabins from a bar, rounding. Nevertheless, Bangladesh and India are the main suppliers of the canvas and raw materials.
Density of material
The price of the interventory insulation is folded both from the width of the tape and from its thickness, density. The last parameter depends on the goals set: a timber, log, caulking. The optimal indicator is 450-600 g / m2. High density gives products with high heat-saving properties. The hard option is the jute felt, resembling the usual woolen, but it crepts. But the panel out of 100% of jute raw materials has a smaller density, but it is deprived of extraneous impurities.
The presence of extraneous impurities
The selected ribbon from the bar should not have extraneous impurities, but often unfair manufacturers use poor-quality raw materials. Make sure that there are no chemical additives in the product you have interested, for example, polyester, capron. High-quality material is 100% natural. The presence of synthetic additives leads to a time to reducing the interventory joint between the logs and the gradual appearance of rotary fungi.
Price insulation from jute
A uniform tape from the jute with high performance almost completely eliminates the possibility of double and complete wall cacopa. Choosing optimal products, check out the offers of the modern market. Its cost strongly fluctuates depending on the technical characteristics, the manufacturer and implementation facilities:
Name of product
For what is intended
Width - 100 mm, Thickness - 5 mm, Length - 20 m, Color - Gray, Gross weight - 0.8 kg
Warming of wooden buildings
Diameter - 2.1 mm, length - 60 m, weight - 0.18 kg, 5-thread
Binding and packaging of different items, needlework
Diameter - 1.4 mm, length - 100 m, weight - 0.115 kg, 2-thread
Binding and packaging of different items, needlework
Length - 690 m, weight - 1,145 kg, 5-thread
Binding and packaging of different items, needlework
Diameter - 1.2 mm, length - 90 m, thickness - 1.2 mm, weight - 0.1 kg, density - 1.12 ktex, 4-thread
It is used in production, in home house, gardening, etc.
Length - 100 m, thickness - 1.8 mm, density - 1.12 ktex, 3-thread
It is used in production, in home house, gardening, etc.
Rope twisted 21962.
Country - Belarus
Diameter - 10 mm, Length - 15 m, Gross weight - 0.46 kg
Working with cargo, household needs, Agriculture, Fisheries, Construction
Rope twisted 720003817
Diameter - 22 mm, Length - 15 m, Gross weight - 0.34 kg
Decorative decoration, folk crafts, equipment small vessels, work with loads, decoration of seams of wooden log cabins
96 per 1 m
Circle - 20 mm, diameter - 6 mm, discontinuous load - 221 kgf
Lifting of invisputable cargo, decoration of wooden log cabins
5 for 1 m
Diameter - 8 mm, Length - 10 m, Weight - 0.31 kg
It is used as a strapping tool in everyday life and different sectors of the national economy.
Advantages and disadvantages of jute fiber
Upon receipt of high-quality products, the jute fibers are made by means of a special apparatus, so that they retain their natural properties, do not rush. Application Such a heater for a bar will help to abandon the cacopa of the walls, make filling the slots between the crowns and the junctions between the bars is uniform. Jute is not subject to rotting due to the large content of lignin resin, but it is not restored and the thermal insulation properties of the material are reduced during wetting. Benefits:
- high strength;
- vapor permeability;
- Resistance to the appearance of fungi, mold;
- environmental friendliness;
- Available cost.
Having learned the answer to the question, Jute - what it is, and getting acquainted with its advantages, pay attention to a number of flaws. There is a statement that the birds do not touch the jute and do not come with nests from it, because It consists of short fibers, but they laughing it with pleasure, because it is natural material - in fact, the grass. Other Disadvantages:
- Jute is attacked by mice, insects that disappear material;
- able to absorb moisture, while it will dry very long and badly;
- relative shortgower, because This is natural material;
- The need for cacopa to exclude purge, intake of cold air inside the premises.
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Jute - what it is: the use of natural insulation
Natural fiber from jute, originally from Bangladesh - in demand, not inferior to the popularity of cotton. With antiquity from the jute material, clothing, ropes and ropes were made, and young shoots even used in food. Thanks to innovative technologies from a spinning plant at the end of the 18th century, yarn and jute tissue began to do.
Jute and his features
Annual shrub or a semi-stabiliar from the Malvic family (with a lat. Corchorus) with favorable environment conditions, can reach in a height of up to 3 meters. Its base is the vegetable fibers of lingin and cellulose, endowing the raw material characteristics of the tree and textiles.
In nature, there are more than 80 species of this herbaceous bipartite plant. Moisture and thermal-loving shoots are characterized by a branched space-standing stem, with a rod root system. The leaves in the plant oval-lancing with gear edges and appendages. Obohyla flowers of a yellowish shade form fruits in spherical or podlovoid boxes.
The main species used for the production of jute raw materials are Tossa (Corchorus Olitorius) and a short-range jute (Corchorus Capsularis). Favorable conditions for growing is the temperature of 25-37 ° C and sufficient humidity. Large sowing areas are located in India and Bangladesh, the shrub is grown in China, Myanmar and Uzbekistan.
Jute fibers contain a large number of lingin. This resin refers to natural polymers and gives raw materials strength and wear resistance. There are in the chemical composition and heart glycosides - korhoreozide and olitorists who contribute to the use of jute for the production of medicines from heart disease.
Useful properties of products from jute fibers:
Ecology. Materials from Jute biodegradable and enrich the soil with useful substances. When combustion, they do not allocate toxic and dangerous components for health and environmental.
Rigidity. Durable fibers are used in the manufacture of cable and rope products.
Waterproof. The presence of lingin gives raw materials to the tree, ensuring the mechanical strength of the final products.
Gigroscopicity. Even with high humidity in the air, the material, absorbing it, does not pass inside, which allows you to apply jute for the manufacture of containers and packages.
Aesthetics. The natural color and glitter of jute products allows them to apply them to decorate the interior.
Material is widely in demand in industry, agriculture and trade:
Building. Jute is in demand as thermal insulation, due to a unique self-supporting ability. It provides reliable protection against moisture and wind, allowing the walls to breathe. The material is made in the form of a jute tape, the thickness of which is selected, taking into account the width of the openings and cracks. Easy installation and environmental friendliness in combination with affordable price makes this raw material popular and popular.
Packaging materials. Soft and rigid packaging for household and industrial use have high hygroscopicity, reliably protecting the contents from moisture and mold.
Furniture and textile industry. Due to the density and strength of the fibers, furniture and carpets with the addition of jute components are distinguished by durability and long service life.
Composite polymers. The inclusion in the composition of plastics allows the material to breathe. From such polymers manufactured packaging for tea, coffee, used in the automotive industry.
Rope products. Durable ropes, ropes, twine, cords and other rope products from jute fibers have resistance to ultraviolet, are not subject to rotting and withstand temperature differences.
Needlework. The naturalness and aesthetic type of material make it a popular raw material for needweld products.
Various characteristics are influenced by the value - density, material thickness, country manufacturer. High-quality jute does not contain chemical additives in the composition, and with its production, the fibers are performed by a special apparatus.
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Assembly to build a wooden chopped house from a bar or logs, many are wondering the choice of a better interventory insulation. In addition, not everyone knows what a jute insulation is. Jute is called "gold fiber", it is one of the most used natural fibers for use in the textile industry.
Vegetable juteJute is mined from the cortex of the same plant (Corchorus Capsularis). This is a natural fiber with golden and silky gloss, and therefore it is also called "gold fiber". Annual yield Jute - about 120 days (April / May-August).
It grows in tropical plain areas with humidity from 60% to 90%. Jute is culture with minimal need for fertilizers or pesticides. The yield is about 2 tons of dry jute fiber per hectare. Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibers and is considered the second after cotton in terms of the product produced and a variety of use of plant fibers.
Jute long, soft and brilliant, length from 1 to 4 m and a diameter of from 17 to 20 microns. Jute fibers consist mainly of vegetable materials - cellulose (the main component of vegetable fiber) and lignin (the main components of wood fiber). Fibers can be extracted by a biological or chemical method. Given the costs of using chemicals for separating fibers from the stem, biological processes are wider distribution. Biological extraction occurs as follows:
First, the jute stems are cut and bind together, then they are soaked in water for about two weeks, to make it easier to separate the fibers from the stems. After the process of holding in water begins stripping. In the process of stripping, the latter substance is scraped, leaving the fibers that are removed from the stem.
Then this fiber is washed, dried and transmitted to the markets of raw materials or plants for further processing.
Jute fiber is 100% biodegradable, suitable for recycling and, therefore, environmentally harmless. The hectare of jute plants consumes about 15 tons of carbon dioxide and highlights 11 tons of oxygen. Growing jute in crop rotations enriches soil fertility for the next harvest. When burning jute does not highlight Toxic substances.
Jute is a universal fiber. During the industrial revolution, the jute yarn substantially replaced linseed and hemp fibers. Today, the burlap is still the main part of the produced jute products.
The key feature of the jute is its ability to be used both independently and mix with other materials. There is products that should not include the synthetics, and in this case the biodegradable nature of the jute is effectively applied. Examples of such use include containers for planting young trees, geotextile for protection Plants O. t soil and erosion, etc. Such products itself destroys after a while and does not represent danger to ecology.
The advantages of Jute also include good insulating and antistatic properties, as well as low thermal conductivity and moderate moisture retention.
Main products from jute fiber: yarn and twine, burlap, carpet fabric, as well as other textile products. Jute has high tensile strength, low stretchiness and provides better air permeability of tissues. The fibers are woven into curtains, bedspreads for chairs, carpets and rugs, and often mixed with other fibers, both synthetic and natural (for example, with wool). Also, the jute was widely used as an interventory insulation during the construction of wooden houses.
Packaging and side products
Jute is widely used for packaging of agricultural products, and is also increasingly used in rigid packaging and reinforced plastic to replace wood in cellulose and paper.
A variety of side products from jute are used in cosmetics, medicine, paints and other products. Jute sticks are used as refueling and enclosing materials in rural areas of Jute manufacturers. This is a good replacement of forest wood and bamboo for the production of chipboard, cellulose and paper.
Jute manufacturers are located in South Asia and, in particular, India and Bangladesh. About 95% of the world jute is grown in these two countries of South Asia. Nepal and Myanmar also produce a small amount of Jute. Pakistan, although it does not produce a lot, imports a significant amount of raw jute, mainly from Bangladesh, for processing.
The volume of jute production fluctuate under the influence of weather conditions and prices. Annual production in recent decades ranges from 2.5 to 3.2 million tons. At India and Bangladesh account for about 90% of world production. Bangladesh exports nearly 40% in the form of raw fiber and about 50% in the form of finished products.
Due to the increasing demand for mixtures of natural fibers, which can be mixed with cotton, Jute gradually goes beyond traditional applications. For example, jute is used as part of expensive fabrics for furniture or as a wood fiber in the production of insulating materials. In the field of agriculture, Jute plays an important role, since it is an environmentally friendly and economical material for various applications in the soil.Read the other articles about Jute: We select the interwetant insulation Types of fabrics
What is jute and how to use it?
The most popular materials of the present time are Cotton, Lena and Jute. The latter found its application in many industries. The high popularity of the material is due to the yield of the plant, affordable cost and excellent characteristics.
What it is?
Jute is a herbalist representative of the flora, which looks like a shrub and a half-walker with a height of no more than 300 cm. It grows in the south-east of Asia, where air humidity reaches 60-90%. The average yield of the plant is 2 tons of dry fiber per 1 hectare. According to the history of the origin of this material, it can be concluded that the birthplace of this raw material is India. Later, Jute began to deliver to China, America and Egypt.
Today, the cultivation of this shrub is possible in the regions where a wet roast climate and a swampy territory prevail.
Natural raw materials serves as the basis for creating a high-quality durable material used in industry and living conditions.
Jute ripening takes about 5 months. By passing this time, you can start collecting a harvest. After cutting, the stalks should remain on the field and fly on it a few days. During this time, foliage will fall from the branches, after which they are assembled and soaked for 7-14 days. This procedure will allow to destroy the adhesive particles of the plant, as well as easily separate the part of the stem.
Next, manufacturers are engaged in washing, drying and sorting raw materials. The main criteria here are the length, painting, elasticity. After pressing, the plant is directed to the production of textiles.
To get a jute fiber, the manufacturer operates according to the following scheme:
- Break up the boilers of the plants that entered the factory;
- impregnate the stems with water or oils, which contributes to the mitigation of the material;
- Stems are processed in the ground, removing lumps in advance;
- The raw materials are cleaned of dirt, dust, after which they are separated, straighten and fold with ribbons;
- Jute's tickets are produced in several tape aggregates;
- The material is treated on spinning water, after this procedure it becomes yarn.
The basis of the jute fiber is the vegetable component, namely: cellulose and lignin. It is long, soft, brilliant, has a length of up to 4 meters and a thickness of about 20 microns. There may be a different number of tissue meters in the roll. The canvas have a beautiful texture and many predominant characteristics, thanks to which it has found its use almost everywhere.
Often, the jut tissue is made by linen of the thread. In this case, the feedstock may become a luban fiber, as well as a multicomponent composition with cotton, flax, silk, lyre7, polymeric threads.
The pure jute product is lightweight and with a lumen between threads. Its density can be from 190 to 420 g / sq. m.
The main positive properties of the jute material can be called:
- Great hygroscopicity;
- good strength during breaking load;
- Resistance to deformation;
- the ability to skip air;
- good thermal insulation;
- originality of the invitation;
- environmental safety;
- affordable price;
- The possibility of recycling.
The minuses of such a canvase is considered:
- lack of resistance to rotting;
- Short term of use.
The qualitative characteristics of the material affect the additives that are present in it:
- Cotton helps soften fabric;
- Len makes it durable to bend.
In the case of additional lamination, the fiber from the jute can be calculated on its wear resistance, as well as good preservation of the shape and moisture resistance. The fabric is well staining, and even on the passage of the color of the color remains saturated.
Jute in industry
Already many dozen years, people use jute in the process of making coarse color clothes, grids, rope. With the development of technologies, the product range has become much wider, so in the market you can find hundreds of product options. Manufacturers are made from vegetable fiber bag packaging, bulk products, linoleum and carpets.
Jute is a wonderful insulation that has found its use in construction. Fiber has the ability to seal, so it is characterized by moisture resistance, as well as heat insulation. In addition to the above, the product is able to securely protect against wind.
Thanks to the use of a jute insulation, the consumer can count on moisture control in the building, absorbing the extra liquid, as well as the recovery of the missing.
Such a heater has the appearance of a jute tape, which has many sizes. Installation of such a product is quite simple - it must be stacked directly on the cut. The jute passage is realized by bales, it can be reliably complicated by interventic seams. This product is considered an optimal option for buildings from logs and bars. Natural vegetable fiber can be used to create a composite plastic mass. In this case, the material has the ability to "breathe". This polymer has found its use in packing coffee beverages, tea and other food. In addition, the composite material is used in the automotive industry.
Jute can be used for the manufacture of ropes, twine, ropes with good tensile strength. Such ropes are characterized by resistance to ultraviolet, heat, mechanical influence, so they can be used in industry and in difficult conditions. The ropes often decorate the premises and logs.
Jute fabrics are characterized by optimal hygroscopic, strength, ecology, antistaticism. Such material is not inclined to stretch, it can easily paint even at home. From jute with high strength and rigidity, you can make a burlap, which is subsequently offended by the furniture and create designer things. This canvas is an excellent option for laying and filter.
The high density of the jute allows carpeted coatings from it, mat. As a result, durable and practical products are obtained, which are characteristic of the following characteristics:
- low cost;
- environmental Safety;
- the absence of harmful impurities capable of being caused by allergies;
- relative rigidity due to which wet products are not deformed;
- The possibility of adding by other materials.
Jute raw materials found its use in the manufacture of packaging materials of soft and rigid types. A large number of such products many of us are used in everyday life. Due to the low hygroscopicity from the jute, high-quality packages are obtained, which can be found in warehouses with flax, wool and cotton.
Options for using threads in needlework
Since the color gamut jute thread is quite wide, it is successfully used in needlework, namely: in the weaving decor elements. In the interior, homemade items from plant fibers look very original. The natural color of the fiber is straw, and for the design of household items can be used red, green, blue and other ropes.
Some masters for several stages from jute fibers can make an attractive rug, designed for their own request. The winding of the rope is not difficult, it will take care for work to be patient and preferably. With the help of vegetable fiber, you can create decorated bottles, coasters under hot, decorated with additional elements.
To successfully make the product from the jute thread, you will need to consider such moments:
- Create a durable frame for the product for which the maximum thick rope will be required;
- Auxiliary elements for work can be glue, tweezers, scissors, a paper knife;
- Separate decor items easier with the needle, knitting hook, acrylic varnish;
- As an additional decor you can use rhinestones, beads and sequins;
- Thread can be treated with acrylic paint.
Before starting work on creating a jute craft, it is better to prepare stencil in advance. To create it, you need to choose the right pattern, or draw it my own.
Candlestick creation scheme:
- The rope is folded by the ring, the radius of which is 5 cm;
- The ring is fixed by the node;
- The number of rings should be equal to 12;
- We connect them in pairs;
- We make a circle of twine with a diameter of 5 cm;
- The next step - we produce loops with curved body;
- The remaining rope is collected in the loop and relative to the perimeter of the ring;
- On the front of the looping the circle applied;
- Threads are glued along the outskirts of the loop;
- Wade rings fixed to a tape basis.
And also from jute, beautiful openwork flowers are obtained, which can be easily made according to the following plan:
- Print schemes from jute and lubricated with glue;
- Strictly observe the flower gamut, namely the accommodation makes gray, the contour is green.
Such a napkin can be used to decorate the family celebration. For the manufacture of a decorative box, you will need to prepare a small box of cardboard. The stencil is fixed on the box with liquid glue, lubricating hard-to-reach places with a cotton wand. After the casket dries, you will need to take paint and paint your favorite color. Decorate the product costs beads or feathers.
Jute rope is considered universal, natural and completely eco-friendly material. For this reason, it is so often used to create interior items in the house.
Criterias of choice
As mentioned above, the jute is used in many areas of human life. If you wish to purchase this type of material to the consumer worth paying attention to several points.
- Surface nature. For interventional insulation it is better to choose a golden cloth. Lush insulation appeared on store shelves not so long ago. This product is characteristic of low cost and optimal thickness. However, the buyer should be aware that the low price may indicate an insufficient material density. Cheap material produce chemical thermoskleesivia, applying synthetic materials. Thin insulation are manufactured according to special technology, while they are obtained very high quality. This product is not inclined to bundle, moisture accumulation, toxic emissions.
- Manufacturer. As practice shows, the best manufacturers of Jute are India and Bangladesh.
- Product density. The optimal Jute indicator is considered to be 450 - 600 g / m2. High density material has high heat-saving properties. The pacles are the lowest density, as there are no additional impurities in it.
- Unnecessary impurities. Some manufacturers can use poor-quality products as an impurity to Jut. For this reason, it is necessary to pay attention to the absence of chemical components. In the case of the presence of synthetics in the composition of products, the tissues may occur in the interventory joint and the formation of a rotor fungus.
- Cost. When choosing the desired option, it is worth familiar with many offered goods, since the price of them can be very different. The cost of Jute influence the technical characteristics, the manufacturer, as well as the features of implementation.
- The presence of smell. The technical jute rope is impregnated with special oil, in which a specific aroma. In natural condition, the fiber does not smell.
- Ferrity material. Polished jute is considered the smoother. Standard thread is characterized by a fibrous structure, so the consumer should pay attention to the loin.
- Number of threads. In the jute rope there may be 1, 2 or 3. As practice shows, the more threads, the stronger the product. In order to create decorative interior items, a two-dimensional rope can be used.
All of the above characteristics should take into account when choosing a jute canvase. If you make the right choice, then the product will last a long period.
Depending on the tasks set, you can choose a material of a manufacturer.
- "Insulation UT000000100" Produced in Russia. Well suitable for insulation of wood buildings.
- "Twine 93882" I found my use in packaging and strapping objects, and in also needlework.
- "Rope twisted 21962" Belarus produced as it is impossible to work better for working with cargo. It is used in household needs, agriculture, fisheries and construction.
- "Rope 94013" It is used as a strapping tool in many branches of the economy.
- "Rope 36820" It is difficult to replace with the climb of an invisputable cargo and a decoration of a wooden log cabin.
How to care for products?
Jute canvas is an excellent alternative to polymer tissue with high density. This material is characterized by absolute security and can serve a long time if it is correct to care for it. The features of this procedure affect the hardness of the product. Spots are usually eliminated by dry cleaning. In the case when the washing is simply necessary, experts recommend using gels and warm water, as powders can score fibers. In addition to all of the above, the products from the jute must be soak. Thus, the dissolution of dirt occurs. Complex pollution should be lost, squeeze, then fix the material on the horizontal surface.
Surride such things in remoteness from the sun and heating appliances. Ironing is carried out on the reverse side. Baskets, stands and jute mats Cannot wet and mechanically load. The use of water and chemicals for cleaning entails the softening of fibers and deformation of products. If the items were dreamed, they can be cleaned with a dry way, they are also allowed to wip with a damp cloth and drying on the street.
Experts categorically prohibit leave such products near the fire, as they can catch fire. According to some consumers, to purify items from this durable fiber sufficiently spending them.
It turns out that the material that has recently become so fashionable and in demand, has long ago, however, did not always serve as Fashion Goals. So who are you, jute?)
Jute is fiber that is made from plants. In order for it successfully grew, it takes a very hot and wet climate, so it grows, as a rule, in Asia: India, China, Bangladesh.
The formation of one shrub takes 4-5 months, and the height of the adult fetus reaches 4 meters!
How to handle jute?
Jute processing is a very energy-intensive process. After cutting the stalks, they are formed in shear and withstand on the field for three days. Next - 2 weeks are soaked in water, then the fibers are separated from the stem, and only after that they succify, sort and form ligaments.
These bundles come to the factory to make material from them.
What are made from jute?
First of all, it is a burlap. So it historically serves to store various things.
Also, with the popularity of conscious consumption, the last time from the jute make various eco-bags and reusable packages. What can not but affect our ecology better.
And what jute got used to see?
Well, first of all, this is a jute rope which can be found both in the household and on the ship deck, for example.
And this is a jute twine I spoke about in previous articles. He initially served for all kinds of economic and garden needs, but now we can knit and weave stunning bags, baskets and backpacks from it - is it not cool?
Why jute - cool material?
Jute has a multitude of properties that other materials would have envied if they were able to:
- Strength - Jute products are really unhappy
- hygroscopicity - it does not rot and does not spoil from water
- The cheapness is the price of jute can be from 20 kopecks per meter!
- Teacurity - it is thanks to her Jute look great in products.